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اردو زبان اور ذرائع ابلاغ: منتخب اردو نیوز چینلز کے تحریری مواد (شہ سُرخیاں، ٹکرز، بریکنگ باکس) کا لسانی مطالعہ Just as the media influences public opinion, so does the manner of public discourse. The language of the media in Pakistan is Urdu, It is essential to review the Urdu broadcast on the media and analyze how the effects are taking place on public discourse. For this purpose, the written material of the media was studied. While the positive aspects of the promotion of the Urdu language, such as the use of eloquence and the use of various language tactics, came to the fore; meanwhile spelling errors, codemixing and the recurrence of common misconceptions were also noticed. The causes of these errors were discovered and ways to rectify them were presented.
فیض بطور شخص: فیض کی منتخب سوانح عمریوں کا تقابلی مطالعہ Faiz Ahmed Faiz is one of the most celebrated Urdu poets of 20th century all around the world so there has always been a lot to write and speak about such a prominent figure but all it was in fragments; focusing mainly on Faiz’s work till a few biographical books got compiled in some purposeful way. This research compares three of the biographies of Faiz Ahmed Faiz: “Ham K Thehry Ajnabi” by Ayub Mirza; “Parvarish-e-Lauh-O-Qalam” by Dr. Ludmila Vasilieva and “Zikr-e-Faiz” by Syed Mazhar Jamil. Dr Ludmila Vasilieva compiled the said biography in Russian and then co-translated it in Urdu. Dr. Ayub Mirza published his book during the life of Faiz Ahmed Faiz and it was discussed with Faiz himself. Syed Mazhar Jamil considered the need of a comprehensive biography of Faiz and he compiled a voluminous book on the life of Faiz Ahmed Faiz. Writing of a biography demands authentication, truthfulness, unbiasedness as well as the style of presentation of the biographical content matters. Keeping in view the said standards of writing a biography; these three biographies are evaluated with the aim of comparing the content and its presentation to find the differences and similarities among these biographical books.
افسانہ اور ناسٹلجیا: اکیسویں صدی کے منتخب افسانوں کا کرداری مطالعہ The subject of my dissertation is the role of fiction and nostalgia in the study of selected fictions of the 21st century. Urdu fiction flourished under the influence of many trends and movements from the very beginning. Due to the migration that took place as a result of the formation of Pakistan , the individual became a victim of nostalgia .While the internet and electronic advances in the 21st century have shattered the boundaries of social distances, the past process of destroying relationships has also left one person isolated. This known loneliness also cause nostalgia which causes one to take refuge in the memories of the past. Nostalgia is basically a psychological phenomenon that is interrupted as a recollection of the past. The word nostalgia was first used in the 17th century by Jonas Hoffer, a Swiss physician to describe homecoming or the desire to return home. It is now considered and metaphor for happy events and memories of the past. Every writer Expresses nostalgia in one way or another in his writings. Intezar Hussain migrated from India and settled in Pakistan but here often started to miss his hometown due to feelings of alienation so nostalgia can be seen in his writings. Similarly, in the myths of Mohammad Hameed Shahid and Mohammad Asim Butt, the contemporary man seems to be suffering from nostalgia. The fiction of these three writers is a perfect reflection of the elements of nostalgia
سماجی حقیقت نگاری اور افسانہ ‘‘ ڪيڏارو’’کا اردو ترجمہ و فکری مطالعہ Social Realism is a literary theory; its origin lies in the western writings in late 19th and early 20th century. This theory discuss about the social behavior, challenges and an orthodox in the social behavior and how society reacts towards these challenges. In literary writings it shows the reality of the society in all the possible aspects. My research work is firstly based on the translation of Noor-ul-huda shah’s short stories compiled book ‘kedaro’, translation from Sindhi to Urdu consists of four short stories and one personal biography article of the writer. Then my research is based on analysis of these short stories in the context of social realism in the view of Sindhi culture and social behavior. Social realism describes the reality of society as it is in its reality. There is nothing presented outside the reality in social realism. The study has been divided into four chapters. First chapter presents, the introduction of my research topic, art of translation, rules of translation, methods of translation, brief introduction of the writer of ‘kedaro’, and basic discussions about social realism. Second chapter consists of ‘kedaro’s translation in Urdu. Third chapter consists of analytical study of ‘kedaro’ by Noor-ul-huda shah in the context of social realism. Fourth and last chapter presents the conclusion of my research work including overview of the research, results and some recommendations about the topic.
صحافتی نثر کے ادبی زاویے: ڈاکٹر عبد الودود قریشی کے کالموں کا ادبی و لسانی تجزیہ The title of my Research, Thesis for M.Phil Urdu is “The Literary Angeles of Journalistic Prose" An Analysis of Literary & Linguistics importance of Dr Abdul Wadood Qureshi Columns. Columns of “Qabel- e- Zikr" (The collection of Hundred columns) & some selected columns of "Daily Asian News" have been taken in this research.This book was published in 1994. The purpose of this research is to study of Dr Abdul Wadood Qureshi Columns writing & bring out thoughts & thinking of him about Political, Social, Educational, Literariyal, historical & Current Affairs related Columns. The columns of Dr Abdul Wadood Qureshi have unique identity. Dr Abdul Wadood Qureshi was "Consultant in Pakistan Newspaper", he was Resident editor " Daily The News, Tameer, Markez & Nai Baat", Group editor of Daily " Pakistan Islamabad" & The cheif editor of Daily" Jinnah". He is still writing Columns in the Daily " Asian News,& newspaper ( Adrak e No) in a week. The basic purpose of my Research is to explain the Urdu Columns & shedding light on his intellectual expects. Analyze the uniqueness of his style & Linguistics analysis of his columns.His columns is full of easy & simple words which will make the reader's heart search & dedicated Wadood Qureshi's column urged the people of the society to benefit from full his education.Abdul Wadood Qureshi has dealt & severe blow to today's situation & has tired to awaken the Consciousness of human beings. This Research has been devided into four chapters. The First chapter is about the definitions, Tradition of Column & Introduction of Dr Abdul Wadood Qureshi & his under column. Second Chapter is Ideological dimensions of Dr Abdul Wadood Qureshi's column. This chapter devided into four sections like Political Social, historical, educational & Literariyal & Current Affairs related Columns. Third chapter is about Stylistic Analysis & Characteristics of Dr Abdul Wadood Qureshi's Column. Fourth chapter an overall analysis has been made .This chapter is based on a comprehensive study, results & conclusions, reaching a Summarize & complilling a few Suggestions at the end.
میٹروپولٹین شہركی سماجیات: آصف فرخی كے افسانوں میں كراچی كےمسائل كی پیشكش كا سماجی مطالعہ In this research paper under review,the researcher has analyzed the presentation of Karachi’s problems in the context of Asif Farrukhi’s fictions.Karachi is a metropolitan city but over the last few decades it has faced many individual and collective problems.Since Asif Farrukhi belongs to Karachi, in his fictions,he has given utmost importance to the individual and collective issues of Karachi.That’s why the researcher made a social presentation of the issues in the context of Asif Farrukhi’s fiction’s in this research paper.First of all ,the individual problems of Karachi in which the psychological problems of the individual have been analysed.That due to the problems of Karachi,the psyche of the individual is in a constant state of fear,terror,hoplessness and uncertainty.While in terms of social issues,the individual suffers from selfishness,loss of identity and double standards in the face of Karachi’s problems.Similarly, in the context of Asif Farrukhi’s fictions a person living in Karachi is suffering from economic unemployment,insecure and unstable economic problems.For the last forty years,Karachi has been facing some serious collective problems.The researcher has analysed the political , administrative , environmental and law and order issues in Karachi.The main reason for Karachi’s political and administrative problems is the negligence of the administration and the personal interests of political figures.While the main cause of environmental problems is the breakdown of sewerage system, increasing constructions in the city and marine pollution day by day.Similarly,the law and order situation in Karachi due to the change in the political landscape of the country after the eightiee’s has been analyzed.This research analysis has been done with the help of documentary books,magzines and journals,columns,and Sayed Mazhar Jameel’s book “Ashoob-e-sindh and urdu fiction”. The discussion has been concluded with the possible solutions to the problems, recommendations have been made to solve the problem as well as for further study.
كثیر مذہبی سماج میں مذہبی تناظرات :اردو گیت میں مسیحی تصورات كا تقابلی مطالعہ The proposed study compares Christian religious hymns of selected poets in the religious contexts of multicultural societies. In addition to hymns, religious hymns, the tradition of religious hymns in the ancient and modern Eras’s and with this some famous religious hymns from poets and poetesses are also included in this research. The basic purpose of this research is to compare different poets from Christianity, Islam and Hinduism presenting their hymns under the concepts of Christianity and Islam as well as the hymns regarding celebrations of religious Festivals may know as Eids in Christianity under Christian and Islamic beliefs and concepts. The research consists of five chapters. The first chapter, entitled "Introduction to the Research Subject and Basic Discussions", contains the “Hymns, meaning of Hymns then it leads Religious hymns and afterword’s, The Tradition of Religious Hymn writing (Basic Discussions). Some popular poets have also been discussed. The discussion of songwriting is wrapped up in the context of Christian beliefs and Christian festivals. The second chapter entitled “Christian Hymn writing is written by Christian poets” contains popular Christian poets who wrote hymns under the beliefs and concepts of Christianity and also covers hymns of Christians Festivals (Eids). The third chapter is entitled "Christian Hymn Writing by Muslim Poets". This part covers the concepts according to Quran and Islam. The second part of this chapter contains "Christian Hymn Writing by Hindu Poets”. In which the hymns of Hindu poets have been examined under Islamic beliefs and Christian beliefs and concepts. They also wrapped Christian festivals. The fourth chapter describes a comparison of all poets from different religions.The fifth chap is based on a comprehensive study, results, and conclusion, reaching a summary and compiling a few suggestions at the end. Literature is a reflection of the society and the writer reflects the society. Every religion has taught man peace and love and mutual harmony. Literature can work in promoting this love and peace.