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پی ٹی وی کےطویل دورانیے کے اُردو ڈراموں میں عورتوں کے سماجی مسائل کی عکاسی(1964ء تا 2000ء) The study entitled “Reflection of the social problems of women in the long Urdu dramas of PTV” aims at focusing of the serious social problems of Pakistani women. This is an evaluative critical analysis of those Pakistani long Urdu dramas which have pointed out the problems of Pakistani women. This study cover the analysis of those selected Urdu dramas of PTV only which have been on air in past. This investigation is an actual review of the given selected dreams for studying the elements of harsh attitude of families and society towards the innocent women. The procedure of this study cover live dramas, libraries, internet, published and published script etc. Although, this society cannot exist without women, yet their social status is very low and she is victim to very critical imbalance in her rights. This study reveals what reflection has been realized in the Long Urdu Dramas of PTV. The main purpose of this study is to scratch the mentioned role of women and their difficult lives. It presumes that women is often victimized in domestic violence where her rights are mostly denied in our Pakistan society. Urdu Literature has been in rising sologans for the liberty of women from the peters of injustice and cruelty. Beside victimization and violence and violence, her sexual abuses and harassment areat peak in this cruel society .This research_ based study hypothesizes that women have been not given their right place in our society and it investigates about such elements in PTV dramas. This study is equally beneficial for the awareness of women, families and societies. This study is important for writers and viewers to focus on the family and social rights of women in Pakistan. This research is an evaluative attempt to guide the masses regarding the cruelty a woman faces in Pakistan society .The organization of this study is of five chapter’s research format. Chapter one consist of introduction to research and its basics, chapter two of, reflection of the social problems of women in the long Urdu dramas of PTV, chapter three of inside, home status of Women in the Long dramas of PTV, chapter four of, the Financial status of Women in the Long Urdu dramas of PTV and chapter five of, the overall Evaluation, Results and Recommendations. This research study recommends equal laws and rights of women as a safeguarded by the constitution of Pakistan.
"اسلام اینڈ دی ویسٹ" کا ترجمہ اور تنقیدی جائزہ (اردو و انگریزی میں ما بعد جدید تنقید کے حوالے سے) Jacques Derrida and his work is not a strange name for the scholars of literary and critical theory. He is often regarded as the patron in chief of the postmodern school of thought. “Islam and The West” is one of the last intellectual debates he took part in. Which not only reflects his personal idea of an IslamoWesteren world but of a common future for both to achieve a better world. The book is not only prominent for its postmodern and deconstructive approach but also for its unique perspective on globalization. It can be labeled as a postmodern testament against xenophobia, populism and the contemporary politics of hate and division, in the heyday of taking sides and warring factions fed upon theories such as clash of civilizations. It was inevitable to shed light and introduce such a high profile discussion to the the serious Urdu readers. This project was basically founded on this postmodern idea, that we should not only translate the text of the other but to examine it critically and weigh in the philosophical, historical, civic and social consequences of such textual interpretations. This translation would add fresh blood into the substance starving veins of Post modern and Post-colonial Urdu criticism. The research methodology was based upon principles of documentary and historical methods throughout the translation and critical study of this text, I’ve consulted every possible documentary source in reach to authenticate and examine the language and terminology used in this text, in order to understand crux of the debate and grasp the ideas of the interlocutors. Sometimes, I also put the facts into historical perspective to comprehend their stances better, and even dug into the political aspects when I felt it necessary to decipher any word or the linguistic sign into the very idea of what he wanted to convey. I found out some quite astonishing results at the end of my research; in contrast to the image generally made up by some academic writers and translators, Derrida was hugely influenced by the Marxist school. Another surprising thing was his admiration and association with his native home and country of origin, Algeria, which he left behind in his youth years. Third and the most remarkable one was his openness to initiate or engage in a debate with religious entities, based upon his principle of “speech addressed to the other, acknowledged and accepted in its alterity” An inspiring fact about his personality, which I noticed repeatedly throughout my research, is that, he was a man of scholastic excellence with much flexibility and dynamism, and was finished with the evolutionary traits. He ever appeared open to change his stance if provided with enough substantial evidence by the other. There is a plenty to learn from his behavior in this regard. Especially when he talks of secularity with its arch rivals, the clergymen, without offending them in any possible way. Same is his attitude with any other cast, creed and colour or ethnicity. It is pleasure for the senses to see him articulating the arguments into an inspiring dialogue, and how skillfully he advocates the importance of aheterogenous society, the virtues of democracy, peaceful coexistence and communal harmony to those who appear innately biased against these values. The very least I could say, is that, it’s the purest essence of this dialogue, and the true spirit of the critical discourse as well
احمد فراؔز کی شاعری کافنی مطالعہ: بدیع و بیان کے تناظر میں Ahmed Faraz is considered one of the most popular Urdu poets of the last half of 20th century. He is critically acclaimed for simplicity to his style of writing. The figurative language of his poetry has its own identity. There is found a new and novel world of figurative language in Faraz's poetry which provides the reader or the listener with aesthetic sense. His similes and metaphors are rich with apparent and literal qualities. These poetic tools include human emotions and feelings to the poetry in an artistic manner. He is popular for his romantic and progressive poetry. Most of the research work has been done on his personality and his thoughts but the esthetics of his poetry hasn’t been touched so far. Little has been done on the characteristics of his poetry. Ahmed Faraz's poetic tradition is full of poetic devices and figurative language. By looking at the similes, metaphors, metonymies and innuendoes used in his poetry the researcher came to the conclusion that the use of figurative language made his poetry more likeable and popular. The poetic devices that he used in his poetry along with the figurative language took his poetry to the heights of fame but are often overlooked when analyzing his thoughts.
اُردو سفر نامے میں مذہبی عناصر: تجزیاتی مطالعہ (۱۹۴۷ء سے ۲۰۰۰ ء تک) This research thesis contains half-century travelogues of the twentieth century. Travel and religion have a deep connection with both the outward and the inward human. Likewise, every religion has its own unique identity, both outward and inward. The synagogue identifies the followers of that religion. The journey of a human being begins with his creation. While spiritual travel is also related to prehistory, this thesis is a combination of major elements like travel and religion.In Islam, where religion is termed as “travel is source of victory”. Similarly, other religions and civilizations have a special meaning for travel. And especially when religious matters are driven in the background of travel, it becomes a form of travel worship. For example, if Muslims go for Hajj, then their journey is worship. Hindus likewise consider salvation as a journey to Gangotri. Jerusalem is a means of salvation for the Jews. In this thesis, all the travelogues that have been written in the above mentioned period have been made subject research. Content available to benefit from a convenient and well-researched source is divided into three periods. First period contains 1947 to 1960. Second period covers next twenty years. Similarly, the last 20-year period has been made part of the third period.The thesis contains five Chapters. The first chapter consists of an introduction and a theoretical discussion. After setting the scope of the research in the first chapter, the second, third, and fourth chapters identified the religious elements of the correspondents' journals. Thousands of travels by hundreds of authors have come to the fair during this time span of half a century. Obviously not all travel journals could be discussed in this short research project. So the authors and their journals were chosen in which the religious elements were somehow in their full swing and religious impression. Since the scope of religious matters has been set out in Chapter I, The remaining three chapters, therefore, focus on identifying the religious elements keeping in mind the style of the reporter so as to avoid repetition. Finally, the findings of the entire thesis are presented in the form of a trial. There will certainly be room for expansion and improvement .
اردو نسائی زبان ومحاورہ (۱۸۵۷ء تا ۱۹۰۰ء):تجزیاتی مطالعہ (لسانی ، ادبی اور ثقافتی تناظرات) In Urdu language, we find that on the back of Feminine language discrimination, these are the distinct factors: the life style of the Indian women, lack of education, religious cults, rites and rituals, whims and whimsicalities, omens, charms and incantations and the veil culture that excludes them from public life and social intermixing. Moreover, in Indian culture, we find different and varied sections and factions of womenfolk such as maids, prostitutes, whors, and keeps on one hand and on the other, we see the ladies of elite class and of high ups who have altogether different life style , culture and mind set. The Concept of “Pitiwarta”is a Hindu custom but unfortunately, it is also in vogue in Muslims. Its details can be read in the book of Moulana Ashraf Thanvi titled “ Behishti Zaiver.” In Urdu Feminine Language , there are thousands of references about the day to day activities and engagements. In Feminine Language, we find various proverbs associated to house hold matters, songs of rainy season, Hina custom in weddings called myrtle rubbing, songs on the departure of the bride, and the words of rebuke, reproach , joke and taunt. In the First chapter of this thesis , the proverbs, maxims, idioms, discriminative phrases, basic identifications, riddles, metaphors, allusions and allegories are discussed pre 1857. In the first part of the Second Chapter, the specialization, particularities and bisection of Feminine Language pre 1857 are discussed in the light of the Lexicon and grammatical rules. In the Second Part, the light has been thrown on the idioms and proverbs of Feminine Language from the books such as Farhang- e- Asfia, Lughat- un- Nisa, Insha-e-Hadi -un- Nisa, Makhzan - ul- Mahawera, and from Amir- ul- Lughat. The Third Chapter deals with the proverbs and phrases about Feminine Language from the earlier period of Urdu novels. The writings of earliest novelists such as Ratan Nath Sarshar, Abdul Halim Sharar, Deputy Nazir Ahmed and Hadi Ruswa are critically and elaborately examined. The books titled “Rasoom - e -Delhi aur Gozashta Lucknow”, and “ The Letters of Wajid Ali Shah”, and their impact on the Feminine Language has been examined in Chapter Four. In a nutshell, this dissertation deals with the Feminine Language from 1857 AD to 1900 AD and throws ample light on the earlier period writings in connection with the common, literary and cultural back ground and aspects associated and adhered to womenfolk.
ادب کے عصری تناظرات: انور زاہدی کے افسانوں کی فکر اور اسلوب کا مطالعہ In the mythological legacy or tradition, it is believed from ages that the writers are physicians of their societies. It is debatable whether or not writers should be considered doctors. However, it can be said with degree of certainty that the writers having actual medical background are truly the salt of earth because there might not be any better training for the writer’s profession than that of spending time in medicine. Mr. Anwar Zahidi, the physician turned author is one such person. With an inherited love for literature, Zahidi is a full-time hospital physician. He is known to have written with truth, compassion, and devotion. Thus perhaps quite predictably his writing has earned him several awards. Being a Medical Doctor, Zahidi has an added advantage and that is his ability to feel what others feel, and simultaneously to view it with detachment. This uniqueness of taking a calm, dispassionate view of the situation gives him greatest strength as writer. Likewise all the practicing doctors, Mr. Zahidi is privileged to witness landmarks of life such as illness, ageing, bereavement, death are acted out in countless different families and lives . This is the reason he is no short of the inspiration for character and story. And it is no exaggeration to say that he portrays his characters with the objectivity of a scientist and a physician combined with the sensitivity and psychological understanding of an artist. Another notable feature that makes Zahidi prominent among his contemporaries is the striking use of metaphors to create and convey subtle nuance of meanings. In addition, the economy of carefully chosen words, sensory details, lots of references of abandoned cities, and the beautiful flow of language all make his work an interesting read, indeed Dr. Zaidi's fiction work depicts the socio-political environment in the third world where injustice, corruption, nepotism, massacre and hate reigns. So, he keeps his readers profoundly affected by his stories. The readers feel emotionally associated with the familiar characters due to their relevance in day to day life. The first chapter of my thesis provides some insight to the current trend in literature. The second chapter sheds light on the intellectual background and literary worth of Zaidi's work especially in the context of current literary practices. The third chapter discusses the writing style and literary devices implied by the by famous physician-turned-author in his four fictions i.e, “Azab-e-Shehrpanah”, “Mosam Jang Ka, Kahani Mohabat Ki “,“ Mandir Wali Gali”, and Bioscope Din” The last chapter gives an over-all view of fiction-writing abilities of Dr. Zahidi.
وجودیت کے مشرقی اور مغربی تناظرات: سید ماجد شاہ کے افسانوں کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ The topic of my thesis is Eastern and Western Perspectives of Existence, Analysis of Syed Majid Shah's Fictions.The study of the history and literature of that period gives us an idea of the existential problems of the people of that age.To analyze the existential problems of the individual of the present age, I have chosen two collections of fiction by Syed Majid Shah, "Qaaf " and "Ray". There are two main topics were discussed in the thesis. One is the background and perspectives of Existence and the other is the analysis of the existential elements in the fiction of Syed Majid Shah. The research design of this study is qualitative using textual analysis as a research method: on the backend, interviews, research papers, analytical work on Existence and fiction is also cited was needed. Syed Majid Shah is among contemporary writer and this thesis would be covering the work of Syed Majid Shah utmost with study and analysis to bring it to the place it justified in Urdu literature.