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(بنو عباس کے عہد عروج(132تا247ھ)میں محدثین کی خدمات(تاریخی و تجزیاتی مطالعہ Hadith is the second source of legislation in Islam and its significance has been felt since the beginning up to its evolution. Moreover, the discipline acquired greater attention in the era of Companions (may God be pleased with them) which continued till the codification of Hadith. On one hand, Hadith has been shown interest from a number of perspectives such as: theological, legal and missionary and at the same time the discipline of Hadith saw its pinnacle. It started from oral transmission and small codices however, the foundations of this discipline were set during Umayyad rule which later on acquired a scholarly form in the prime time of Abassid rule (132 AH to 247AH). During this golden era research went underway in different sub-disciplines – research into the textual content of Hadith, chains of transmission, biographies of narrators, Interpretation of rare and difficult terms and implicit weaknesses in Hadith among many. This project aims to promote a broader understanding of Hadith scholars and their scholarly work during Abassid rule (132 AH to 247AH). Thus, it carries the title "The services of Hadith scholars during the pinnacle of Abassid rule. It includes the following chapters. Chapter One"The historical perspective of Abbasid dynasty" draws a circle around the political background of Abbasid dynasty and detailed introduction of caliphs. In addition, it describes the religious and political sects of that era. Chapter two, "Introduction to famous Hadith scholars during Abbasid dynasty" describes the propagation of Hadith disciplines. Chapter three, "The various centers of Hadith scholarship" describes the various centers of Hadith Scholarship besides; their importance and scholarly nature. Moreover, Arab and non-Arab centers have also been distinguished. The chapter concludes on the scholarly activities of these centers. Chapter four," Contribution of Hadith Scholars" discusses the first and second generation of successors of Companions (may God be pleased with them) and their academic contribution to Hadith. The four major legal schools and their services regarding Hadith have been discussed. Chapter five," Hadith disciplines during Abbasid dynasty" describes various disciplines that deal with textual content of Hadith and its chains of transmission. The branches of the discipline of Hadith have also been discussed. The heretic sects who deny the legal consequences of Hadith also come under discussion.
معاشی ترقی کا اسلامی تصور (عصر حاضر کے تناظر میں تحقیقی جائزہ) ABSTRACT My Topic is as under: The Concept of Economic Development in the light of Islam. Islam is the complete code of life. It covers all parts of human’s life .It gives a complete direction.Therefore, Islam is called “A Complete Religion”.If we study about the history of all over the world’s Nation, so we will know that Economics have a big hand in the reasons of ups and downs and successful and unsuccessful of the nations. In the present age, those countries which are economically stable called “Developed Countries”.Economics and its study have an important position in Islam. Quran and Sunnah give us much information about economics because economics is the major and basic part of human’s matters.This is the reason that the economic prosperity were taken into consideration during the reign of Prophethood (Ahd-eRisalat) and was focused by the Prophet,s )SAW( descendants,particularly during the reigns of Hazrat Umer Farooq(R.A) and Hazrat Usman (RA).In the present work, the concept of Islamic economic prosperity is explored and the fundamatal aspects of economic prosperity are highlited that cause substancial growth of economy under Islamic law.This is not only considered during Farooqi and usmani reigns, but those eras are given importance as well that lead to the economic prosperity under Islamic preachings. The opinions of Muslims and non Muslims economists are highlighted as well and also qualitative approach was employed in this research.The scholars have concluded the hallmark of economic prosperity during prophethood and khilafat as to be the grandeur of moral values.Common well fare of public was given importance and natural resources were used abundantly.In the current research work, the negativities of Capitalism and feudalism are coped with the best possible ways. In the present scenario,especially in Pakistan the ethicl economical values must be improved and the shortcomings of capitalism and feudalism must be eradicated. It is the only way to achieve the zenith of economic growth.
(اسلام اور یہودیت میں خواتین کا حقِ وراثت (تقابلی جائزہ WOMEN’S RIGHT OF INHERITANCE IN ISLAM AND JUDAISM (COMPARATIVE STUDY) Islam is a complete code of life, which has multiple characteristics. Among numerous specialties, the Law of Inheritance includes a specific attribute, in which a woman has been provided her rights, along with the man.Islam has elevated women out of depths and provided her honor and selfrespect. Islam has given number of rights to women and amongst them; the right of Inheritance is one of great significance. In the Jewish religion the woman has been deprived of inheritance. In the presence of son, the daughter will not get anything. Islam has given the ideal rights to the woman that no civilization or religion could ever give to her. The division of inheritance is a significant obligation; however, the negligence on its provisions is unfortunately prevailing in modern times. There are excessive numbers denying this significant obligation in the society and on the other hand, Western flag bearers of women rights, criticize on Islamic law of inheritance. Though this criticism is totally baseless and kibosh. In this thesis, the while giving comparative narration of Islamic versus and Judaism law of inheritance has elaborated reasons and consequences of deprivation of women’s to their rights of inheritance. The thesis has been divided in to four chapters 1. First chapter consists of introduction, terms and conditions of the law of inheritance. 2. Second chapter comprises the comprehensive comparison of women’s rights of heir ship in light of teachings of the Holy Quran and the Holy Scriptures of Judaism. 3. Third chapter relates to the reasons and repercussions, in case of depriving women’s from their rights of inheritance. 4. Fourth chapter discuss with the criticism related to women’s right of heritage. Comprehensive replies have been responded to the narrative of Social and Orientalists criticisms. In the end, the essence of the narratives have been presented that Islam is the definite religion that has liberated women from old prevailing vicious circle and enchanted her at par with man to safeguard her rights. Therefore, it has been recommended that teaching of Islamic laws of inheritance needs to be propagated in the society.
(تفسیر تیسیر القرآن اور تفہیم القرآن میں سیاسی مسائل (تقابلی جائزہ Islam is the final religion of Allah Almighty and it is meant to guide all the people of all the times till the Day of Judgment. Islam has taken all the needs and changes of the time and conditions into consideration and it gives basic principles, in the light of which the time to time needs and changes are addresses. Islam is not a kind of religion which promotes isolation or asks its followers to live indifferent to others. The world has changed very rapidly and to a great extent in about last one hundred years. These changes have influenced the Muslim world as well and Muslim scholars have highlighted Islamic values in term of the new developments. The structure and the characteristics of state and government has remained one of the most vital subjects of all times. Modern day scholars have also highlighted the structure and the characteristics of state and government having various approaches. This research contains a comparative study of the political thought of Mūlānā Abū Al ‘Alā Mūdūdī and Mūlānā ‘Abdul Raḥmān Kilānī. The study has given a detailed comparison of between the opinions of both the scholars in terms of structure of a modern day welfare state and its vital features. The study has compared and analyzed the thoughts of both the authors of two different interpretations of the Holy Book on various related issue such as Caliphate and its diverse kinds, prerequisites for a Caliph, modern day politics, the state responsibilities, the value and status of vote, democracy and Theo-democracy, monarchy and communism etc. Similarities and dissimilarities were found in the opinion of the two scholars. This research dissertation ends with few findings, results and recommendations.
(تفسیر معارف القرآن اور تفسیر الکوثر کے مو ضوعاتِ نکاح و طلاق (تقابلی مطا لعہ Islamic system gives an ample importance to the Domestic and Internal (family) system, so the interpreters (Mufassireen) also give a great value to this system in their exegesis (tafaseer). Mufti M. Shafi and Sheikh Mohsin Ali Najafi are also among those exegetists (Mufassireen) who have deliberated this domestic (Family) system in their interpretations of the Holy Quran; which consist of ten volumes named as “Maa’rif-ul-Quran" and "Alkauthar fi Tafseer-ul- Quran”. This research work aims at discussing different aspects of family system regarding Nikah and Talaq (Divorce) in opinion of the both above mentioned exegetists. The translation of the Quranic verses presented in this thesis has been taken from Blagh-e-Quran of Sheikh Mohsin Ali Najafi. The thesis consists of four chapters; the first chapter comprises of introductory discussion, which has a brief introductory review of the interpreter (mufassir) and exegesis (tafseer). The second chapter deals with the discussion of Nikah. The Third chapter shares out the confab of Divorce (talaq). In the last and fourth chapter a comparative discussion regarding Nikah and Divorce, end summary and recommendations have been presented
(پاكستانى خواتين كے معاشى مسائل كا حل صحابيات كى معاشى سرگرميوں كے تناظر ميں (تحقیقی وتجزياتى مطالعہ) Economic issues are under discussion all over the world because there is scarcity of sources while necessities are countless. Muslims and non Muslim scholars have related the economy with the survival of human being on the surface of earth. Followers of world’s religions have put their best in solving the economic problems but no religious person has ever succeeded in doing so because every religion except Islam promotes asceticism. Instead of this Islam has motivated its followers to earn wealth and it has clarified the concept of “Halaal” and “Haraam”. Women, in every civilization, have always been working with men for the sake of earning. Many of its examples can be found in pre Islamic history and in Islamic history as well. Examples of Eve, Maryam and daughters of Shoaib as can be put forward in this regard. Islam has assigned men for earning however women are also allowed to do so when there is compulsion. This is the reason we find various women taking part in economic activities. They worked in trade, agriculture, gardening, cattling, education, cloth industry, lather industry, warfare, medical treatment and fosterage. There have been serious attempts to provide rights to women on legal grounds. Constitution of 1956, 1962 and 1973 have been designed according to this. Instead of making laws, women are facing financial problems. Women try to do job in order to tackle with financial problems but they face problems during jobs too. They are facing following problems 1. Scarcity of medical facilities 2. Gender discrimination in salaries. 3. Sexual harassment from bosses and land lords. 4. Lack of education 5. Lack of trainings 6. Lack of cooperation from family. 7. Scarcity of sources 8. Lack of communication 9. Tough timings of job 10. Unavailability of transportation 11. Unavailability of baby day care centers (for working mothers) This thesis deals with the issues faced by working women in Pakistan. The research contains authentic data taken from reliable sources and it’s been analyzed in the light of Quran and Sunnah.
(قران حکیم بطور ماخذ سیرتِ طیبہ (تحقیقی و تجزیاتی جائزہ The thesis has composed on the topic: “Quran Hakeem, source of Seerat e Tayyebah” (An analytical study) The Holy Qur'an is the original and most accurate and authentic source of the noble life of beloved Prophet. The Qur'an serves as the source of character in two ways. A. It mentions several events of the blessed life of Prophet, Ghazwat and predicts certain other upcoming events. There are descriptions and short details somewhere. B. Qur'an contains all the teachings practically implemented by the Holy Prophet. Similarly, some of the objections and their responses to contemporary non-Muslims has mentioned. Therefore, Qur'an gives some detailed information about the Sirat-e-Tayyeba, and through short hints. It identifies the origin of the events in the Quran and convince us to know its details. The study of the life of Holy Prophet is must for every Muslims and non-Muslims, who wishes to know, understand and practice Islam. For the Muslims, the need and importance of study the Seerah is because Allah Almighty has declared his Personality as the best role model in Quran and has commanded the believes to follow his lifestyle, so it is not possible to practice his way of living without having the knowledge about his life. It means that it is mandatory for us to follow the character of Holy Prophet (SAW).Therefore, the Holy Prophet (SAW) ordered the Muslims to learn and follow His (SAW) teachings and His (SAW) personality. So, until we are not aware of the manners of the Holy Prophet (SAW), we can neither understand the Holy Quran nor can we offer worship in a good way. As the life of the Holy Prophet (SAW) is the only way to get the love and to obey Allah Almighty. In addition, there is not any way to obey Allah without the obedience of the Holy Prophet (SAW) In short, every part of His (SAW) is the practice of Holy Quran. If we read Quran attentively beside the acquisition of knowledge, the character and importance of the Holder of Quran comes forward transparently. Therefore, one of the scopes of this study is that with the understanding of the Holy Quran, the personality and stature of the wonder of Quran can understood. People criticized the events mentioned in the book of seerah; they are of the view that the events mentioned in these books are not accurate. The life of Holy Prophet (SAW) mentioned and adopted from the Holy Quran is authentic more than all the books written by man. As only, the one clause about the life of the Holy Prophet (SAW) mentioned in the Holy Quran has saved. The Holy Quran is enough to tell the world that, who is the bringer, in which era He (SAW) come, in which land was He (SAW) born who were his friends and family members? What kind of people they were? What kind of life did he spend? How did he treated people and how did people treat him? What kind of family life he had? How did he spend his days and nights? What sacrifices did he present to promote the oneness of Allah the Almighty?)
(برصغیر پاک و ہند میں اسلامی تصوف پر ہندہ مت کے اثرات (تحقیقی جائزہ A Researched Critique of Hindu Influence on Islamic Sufism in Subcontinent The distinctive feature of universality of Islam offers solution to all the problems faced by human race. Islam not only encompasses comprehendsively laws regarding peace, politics, war and state affair but it also addresses man's spiritual needs and caters the related issues in the most appropriate manner. Islamic jurists tried to deal with day to day issues logically; a group of Muhaddiseen (Scholars of Hadith) has been there to preserve Ahadiths. Similarly the discipline that has been working from day one, to purge man's innate evil desires and focus moral aspect, is named as Tassawuf. Tassawuf, in reality, is a process of cleansing and purification of heart and mind, under spiritual principles, that is in conformity with the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah. This exercise of Sufiya (Spiritualists) has been in practice since long. But unfortunately, some of the disapproved rituals were added to the discipline of Spiritualism which does not belong to Tassawuf and Islam in itself. These false practices strengthen gradually among the Muslims due to the close proximity with Hindus and later on, accidently became an undesired feature of Tassawuf. The topic that has been discussed in this research is that these illegitimate rituals have been added to Tassawuf are the impact of Hindu philosophy. This influence has been analyzed and researched. The method that I have chosen for the research is “Qualitative Method”. This has been proved after a brief review of literature that Tassauf e Haqiqi (Real or True Spiritualism) is the cleansing of inner soul (Nafs), restraining from ignoble deeds and the attainment of virtues (Fazails). Many a non Islamic practices or beliefs present in Tassawuf whose eradication is vital. For example; Due to living with Hindus, the Muslims too, started considering Suffiya as the masters or controller ofIX metaphysical forces. The characteristics which are specific for Allah Almighty were assigned to Suffiya. Many Hindu customs exist in Islam due to living closely with Hindus and labeled as part of Tassawuf as meditation in forests for a long time, was a practice of Hindu Pundits. Metempsychosis, Omnipotent and different festivals is the result of co-existence with Hindus. Beside this many more such other misconceptions have been discussed in this research. I would recommend in the light of the discussion to exempt Tassawuf from these wrong beliefs and bring it back to its original form as it changes character and morals of the society in the past; now Tassawuf is a need
(انسانی معاشرہ اور توہم پر ستی (اسباب، اثرات اور تدارک) The thesis comprises four chapters, tables of contents and bibliography. The preface includes introduction of the subject, its importance, the fundamental questions, targets and objectives of the research, hypotheses, literature review and research methodology. The subject matter is divided into four chapters: The first chapter tells what society and its evolution are, meaning of superstition and its kinds. Also, it discusses the ruling of shariah on superstition. It is indicated that both the ancient and the modern societies have some common values and concepts. A society is known by its ethical, cultural and social values. These values influence each other. Islamic society was established on the foundation of faith, ethics and the natural principles which are necessary to create balance in life. Superstition is a human and social problem. Bad omen is forbidden but good omen is taken but without adopting the traits of superstition and the behavior which goes against the behavior of trust in Allah. The second chapter gives a brief description on the world religions and discusses the practices and beliefs based on superstitions in Judaism, Christianity from Semitic religions and Hinduism and Buddhism from non- Semitic religions. It has been highlighted that religion either a revealed one or not, a big portion of it is consisted of social practices and rituals in addition to belief and worship. When society gets corrupted its first cracks appeared at first in the superstitious practices and then in beliefs, ethics and religious deeds. In the third chapter an overview is made to learn about religious and psychological factors of superstitions. It is concluded that fault in the understanding of the belief in monotheism, predestination, trust in Allah and His fear, lack of remembrance of Allah, ignorance and blind following lead to superstition and mental problems. To explain these factors, quotes from Quran and Hadith are given. Moreover, psychological imbalance which is effected by internal and external factors and also, family and financial issues give birth to the immoderate behavior is human begins which ultimately lead to superstitions. The fourth chapter opens with the strategy to get rid of superstitions in the light of Islamic thoughts so as to make the remedial measures viable in the light of Islamic principles to remove superstitions. It is suggested that through Islamic teachings and training, thinking positive, ethical cooperation, ethical purification of media and maintaining of law and order to ensure the sense of safety and positive changes in the environment can help get rid of superstitions from society.VI
(پاکستان میں عوامی سطح پر قرآن فہمی کی خدمات (منتخب اداروں کے تناظر میں This study is primarily aimed to focus and identify the role played by some peculiar institutions in disseminating the basic message of Holy Quran at grass root level. Since no theory can be inclusive in nature, therefore, there is a dire need to construct a discourse theoratical and practical which highlights the importance institutions vis-a-vis Holy Quran. Secondly, one can forsee the impact of major and minor institutions in the current social order of the society. Therefore a cross pollination of ideas must occur between this discourse and the previous theories. Primarily it will solve two problems. Firstly, It will be helpful in creating new trends contours in understanding the Holy Quran coupled with its dissemination at cellular level. Secondly, a process of reverse engineering can be started by rectifying the previous mistakes made by the institutions vis-a-vis the Holy Quran. Along with this practical study and research of the institutions, this study also highlights the importance of dissemination the basic message of Holy Quran at grass root level. Thirdly this study also proposes the possible and feasible steps, activities and programs for dissemination of the basic message of Holy Quran through Government, private instutions and on personal level. Thus, this study covers the importance of the research topic, work done on it in the past, ongoing contributions by the institutions and work required in the future.
(محکمہ جنگلی حیات (پنجاب) میں تحفظ حیوانات وشکار کے اقدامات و قوانین (اسلامی تناظر میں جائزہ Islam is a perfect religion and a complete code of conduct.It contains guidance for all professions of life.From the ancient time man has been hunting animals for food and other necessities.Before Islam there were no laws on animal protection and hunting.Islam after its advent not only gave all living beings their rights but also made animals an ummah like human beings.Islam allows us to hunt animals conditionally for food and other necessities. In the Quran and Hadith and books of Fiqah we have detailed rules and regulations regarding the protection of animals and hunting. All countries have established permanent departments in the areas related to human life,so that the sector can devolp and help in human welfare.Institutions related to wildlife have also been established in the world,who are working to ensure wildlife protection, prevention of trafficking and poaching.If this Department is strong, wildlife is protected and the environment is kept clean.The Punjab wildlife department also enacted laws on wildlife conservation and hunting,some of them are in accordance with Islamic laws while some other laws are also contrary to Shariah principles. In this association, analyais of acts and initiatives of wildlife department punjab regarding protection of animal and hunting in Islamic prospective considerd as the topic of the Mphil research study.In this study the introduction,history and objectives of the wildlife department punjab are covered.In addition,the introduction of hunting,Shariah rules and terms are explained.At the same time the methods of hunting by means of tricks and conventional devices are discussed from a Shariah point of view.Then the initiatives and acts of Animal protection and hunting by department are described.And finaly the initiatives and acts of the department were compared with the Shariah principles and rules and an attempt has been made to offer a solution.
(اسلامی ریاست کے انتظام و انصرام میں جوان صحابہ کا کردار (عصر حاضر میں اس سے استفادہ State is an inevitable part of human society. Without a state, survival of a society, its collective values, security, peace and discipline are impossible. State came into being to fulfill these basic needs of a society. Religion has been played a vital role in shaping human society. Every religion supports a peaceful society and state. Islam is a complete code of life. It guides us in every fields of life. Islam also provides a complete guidance for human collective values. Young people are a valuable asset of a state. A state cannot flourish without young people's cooperation. They play an important role in state development. The rise and fall of a nation are in the hands of young people. Basically, youth is a time in a person's life when he is physically strong, mentally sound and energetic. Therefore, Islam lays emphasis on treating them well. The senses, the consciousness and intellect work well. Most of the early companions of Prophet ( )صلى الله عليه وسلمwere young. Majority of them were between ten to thirty six. They, with Prophet, brought a revolution, which is still alive and will remain till the end of this world. The title of this research ‘‘The role of Young companions of Prophet( )صلى الله عليه وسلمin management of Islamic State.’’ This thesis explores the role of young companions of Holy Prophet ( )صلى الله عليه وسلمin executive, judicial and defensive development of Islamic state.The method used in collecting and analyzing data is qualitative and descriptive. The purpose of this research is to encourage Pakistani young generation to realize their responsibilities. In this way they can play a significant role to prosperous Pakistan and Islam. Keywords: Islamic state, Young companions, executive, judiciary, defense, Development
(کنفیوشس ازم اور اسلام (اخلاقی اور سیاسی تعلیمات کا موازنہ It is indispensable to comprehend commandments including belief on God’s absolute power, conception of universe and humans, their problems and solutions, morality, historical perspective of religion, comparative religious studies, and the idea of life hereafter. Considering the above mentioned elements, if we study Confucianism, it can be agreed that Confucius never claimed to be a Prophet. Additionally, there are a few ground rules of religion that are missing in his teachings as they fails to answer absolute authority of God, concept of heavens and creation of human specie and universe. Contrary to this, a number of religious aspects are evident in Confucianism such as political issues and its remedies, and morality in historical context, however after-life narrative is absent in it. The fundamental purpose of Confucius’s teachings is to reform individuals socially and make them strong on the ladder of morality. He had the same rationale for family systems, that healthy marital relationships would contribute towards the harmonization of the society which would in result positively affect the functing of the state. Moreover, he also emphasized on inculcating values in child development and respecting elder ones. If we compare Confucianism with Islam, the later qualifies on the fundamentals of a religion. Islam provides explanation of God, life after death, humananity, universe, morality and rituals. If this debate is taken into account, it is imperative to conclude that Confucianism is a mere philosophy whose roots were already existed in the Chinese culture. Though like Islam, Confucianism stresses upon the notion of tolerance and forgiveness. However, this very discourse cannot be used to either label Confucianism as a religion or to consider it as a religion. The only commonality in Islam and Confucianism exists in the theme of tolerance, family system and marital relationships. The thesis consists of four chapters. First chapter explains origin, believes, thoughts, liturtue and analysis of scholars about Confucius.It has been compared to Islam with the teachings of society, principles of society, and justice in political studies of Confucianism in Chapter II.In Chapter III, the moral teachings of Confucianism, which include the social status of the ruler, husband, wife and children. Also, the relationship between relatives and the social relations of the people while keeping all these notions related to Islam. The last chapter covers the conclusions of Confucianism and the political and the moral teachings of Islam. Also, the differences and similarities between both the philosophies. At the end of the Thesis, summary findings and recommendations are mentioned.
(پاکستانی آئین و قانون اور غیرمسلم شہریوں کے حقوق وفرائض(معاہدات ِنبویہ کی روشنی میں Islam is the intimate religion which provides complete and preeminent code of life for humanity. Islam undoubtedly determines the rules, procedures and limitations for the state, of which a man is the citizen, and its co-editorial system (legislation, judiciary, administration). Allah has bestowed The Holy Prophet with the crown of Mercy for whole world. The Holy Prophet not only considered the rights of every person living in the state of Islam, but also committed some contracts with non-Muslims to ensure their rights and obligations. Since the state of Pakistan came into existence in the name of Islam, it is important that the rights and duties of every citizen in general and nonMuslims in specific who live in the state should also be clarified in accordance with Islamic teachings in the light of contracts of The Holy Prophet in order to promote the religious harmony. Although the rights of non-Muslim community in the constitution of Pakistan have been stated very clearly, however, sometimes they are confronted with grave problems in Pakistani society. The rights which are permitted to Muslims to establish their mosques and institutions in Europe and America are also permitted to non-Muslims in the constitution and legislation of Pakistan. However, due to its distinctive difference in the practical situation, their rights and obligations in the light of the contracts of The Holy Prophet have been described with a detailed analysis in this narrative. In this research, "The rights and obligations of non-Muslim citizens with respect to the Constitution of Pakistan" (In the light of the contracts of Prophet Muhammad SAW) rights of non-Muslims in a modern Islamic society of Pakistan with respect to the contracts of Muhammadan Era as an everlasting source as a major necessity of the national situation have been highlighted. Because of ignorance/lack of knowledge about the contracts, heart reckoning incidents are taking place in our society, which have raised numerous questions regarding the Islamic teachings. These contemporary issues have been discussed as the major themes within this article.