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عصر حاضر کے نوجوان طلبا میں مذہب سے دوری کے اسباب اور اثرات کا جائزہ It is an undeniable fact that religious clerics failing in providing solutions to modern day problems in the light of Quran and Sunnah and not portraying Islam as a religion of all times and places has had its fair share in distancing modern day youth from religion. Globalization, evolution of Social Media, technological advancement and modernism also have had their toll on the moral compass of the youth already striving to find a workable solution to maintaining a balance between their religious and modern values. Bearing in mind the role a productive and pro-active youth plays in a nation’s progress, the research explores social, cultural, academic, and religious domains of our youth’s dilemma and concludes that all the stock holders of the society are to blame for the adversity. The research recommends that in order to make our youth strong and skillful and thus enabling it to tackle the challenges of modern-day advancement, all the stake holders of the society i.e. individuals and organizations need to collaborate. Recommended measures include the basics such educating parents, teachers and youth about the technological advancement, its pros and cons. as well as the advanced measures like revising the curriculum, etc. Research makes the concluding note that if the matter not taken seriously now, will yield outcomes that would be not be acceptable to anyone and also that if our young population is let on its own, we will be shrunken to a lost chapter among many in the history scrolls. Key words: Islam, globalization, social media, troubled youth, moral compass
بچوں کی جنسی ہراسانی اور پاکستانی قوانین ( اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں جائزہ ) The article discusses the issue of child sexual harassment and sexual abuse and also describes the various forms of sexual harassment and sexual abuse and its causes, as well as the punishments in light of Islamic teachings and Pakistani laws. I have mentioned that child sexual offenders should be found, as well as issues that hinder the punishment of perpetrators of sexual abuse Statistics on child sexual abuse in Pakistan and the impact of child sexual abuse on children and other members of society are mentioned in some detail, as well as the last chapter on child sexual abuse. The issue of how remediation and prevention are possible is expressed in the light of Sharia teachings and social teachings and mentions all the factors that can be followed to protect children from sexual abuse. Along with Finally, Sharia, legal and social proposals for the prevention of sexual harassment and sexual abuse were mentioned, which, if implemented, could eliminate this fistula from society
بیع استصناع کے فقہی اصول اور عصری مسائل میں اس کی تطبیق ( شریعت اسلامیہ کی روشنی میں تجزیاتی مطالعہ ) This study deals with very important and distinguished contract termed as Bai ul Istisna (Manufacturing Contract). Bai ul Istisna has a great interaction with the contemporary finance, modern trade, and projects. In the modern era, the B.O.T contract (build, operate and transfer) is jurisprudentially adopted as Bai ul Istisna. So, there is a dire need for a comprehensive analytical study of this matter in Shariah perspective in the light of Shariah injunctions and contemporary jurists. The method of this research is based on analytical study and library research. In this work, reliance has been made primarily on the original sources of Shariah and secondarily, on the contemporary jurists in subject matter. The research discusses the Shariah injunctions regarding the Istisna sale, this work analyses the exact work also examines the possible and modern aspects of Istisna.The research critically analysis the projects of house financing and construction financing. This work concludes that Bai ul Istisna is permissible and valid contract in the light of Shariah. After complete deliberation of Bai ul Istisna in the perspective of modern application it is concluded that the classical concept of Bai ul Istisna is applicable in BOT contracts and modern financing schemes, projects and the risk management might be adopted in Bai ul Istisna by takaful model which is Waqaf (trust) based. The research also strongly recommends special legislation by Parliament regarding Bai ul Istisna and training for judges to resolve the dispute in these matters.
آن لائن مالی معاملات شریعت اسلامیہ کی روشنی میں ( تجزیاتی مطالعہ) Financial transactions are an important necessity of human kind. They have been mentioned in Holy Quran by Allah Almighty in different ways. For awareness about those transactions, this topic has been discussed under the light of Quran, Hadith and opinions of previous and present scholars. In online transactions, there are some elements like Ittehad-e-majlis (session of contract), options and risks which are considered essential for correct transactions. In present era, online transactions are often more practiced and it is considered a safer way too. Therefore, it is needed to explain the juristic teachings about them. Objectives of the research are gaining awareness about different kinds of online transactions, pointing out different problems pertaining to session of contract, risks and options and examining different online transaction in light of Quran, Sunnah and Islamic jurisprudence. In the first chapter, teachings extracted from Quran and Hadith about financial transactions have been mentioned. Furthermore, online financial transactions have been discussed i-e history of e-commerce, procedure, merits and demerits. In the second chapter, session of contract is discussed which includes Islamic concept and definition of session of contract. In addition to, different financial transactions have been discussed in the light of Islamic jurisprudence. In the third chapter, options in financial transactions have been discussed i-e their definition, concept and kinds. Furthermore, opinions of different Islamic jurists, options in online financial transactions are described specifically options of session and limited time offer. In the fourth chapter, risk has been discussed which includes definitions, concept, kinds and conditions of risks as well as it is discussed that who will be responsible in case of any damage. The method of this research is based on analytical study and library research. In this work, original sources of Sharia have been relied on primarily. The research concludes that any kind of resources, whether new or old, as far as they are not against the text of Quran and Sunnah, can be used for trade. In addition to, one session of contract means oneness of time not the place. When there is no doubt between the both parties, transaction made by audio/video call or voice note will be permissible. Time limit should be adhered in limited time offer. Consent of both parties should not be against Islamic jurisprudence. There is a possibility of promotion of prohibited things in result of online trading. The research recommends that public should be given awareness about the juristic aspects of online trading. A law should be made to avoid any kind of deceive in online trading. Books about online trading should be included in syllabus of schools, colleges and madrassahs.
دعوت و تبلیغ کے جدید وسائل اور ان کا استعمال (تجزیاتی مطالعہ) This thesis has been written as the modern resources of Dawah and their use. It was inevitable to write on this topic due to transition in the age, revolution in communication and discrepancy strategy. Dawah is the common mission and purpose of all prophets. Keeping in view the said priorities, this thesis was arranged. This thesis encircles the need and importance of Dawah, its conditions and elements. The scope of modern means of preaching and their role have also been highlighted. Modern means have facilitated the field of preaching. The information and messages can be sent to any corner of the world easily. Everything has its merits and demerits. One negative aspect of these modern means is that good and bad things are intermixed. So, the need is that the preachers should be familiar with the modern means of preaching especially the use of social media & internet so that these means should be availed. The method of this research is that every topic is defined in the light of Quran and Sunnah with its Islamic status. Discussing on its merits and demerits. profitable method of usage is devised. References are given at different places and analytical approach is used. Regarding Dawah Masjid, Madrasa and other religious institutes are mentioned. Ancient and traditional means of preaching are Masajids,teaching spots, Questions & answers sessions, Universities & Madaris. Struggle has been made to satisfy the reader, but nobody can encircle all aspects of a topic like this. So, it is direly needed that the government should officially tell the public about the scope of Dawah on Social Media through Modern means and prove it practically. Parents should tell the true stories of the prophets so that they may create a fondness for Islam. To propagate the preaching of the prophets, books regarding Dawah should be included in the curriculum.
Challenges of Contemporary thought to Muslim women and remedies from Fiqh Al-Sīrah: (A case study of Pakistan) Challenges of Contemporary Thought to Muslim Women and Remedies from Fiqh Al-Sīrah: A case study of Pakistan The debate over women's rights instigated the contemporary feminist discourses in the West, and globalisation enabled this contemporary thought to permeate into Pakistani society, impacting Muslim women. Thus, Muslim scholars are obliged to respond to this situation in light of core Islamic values and principles. The research aims to identify the challenges posed to Pakistani Muslim women because of contemporary thought and propose guidelines based on Fiqh al Sīrah. The thesis investigates the genesis and the outreach of contemporary thought that shapes the notion of women's emancipation within the social milieu afforded to Muslim women in Pakistan. The research, using the triangulation method, analyses emerging challenges for Pakistani Muslim women because of contemporary thought and offers a response from Fiqh al Sīrah. The analysis of available literature uncovered evidence of contemporary thought's influence on Muslim women, manifested in a number of ways and by a variety of means. Later, these perceptions were tested by a closed-ended survey, with the data analysed using SPSS. The findings suggested that contemporary thought has a noticeable influence on Pakistani females, implying a long-term threat to society in psychological, socioeconomic, socio-religious, and cultural contexts. The interviews with selected experts, through a semi-structured questionnaire, validated the findings of the survey and demonstrated support for indigenous solutions. Finally, contextual examination of Sīrah of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلمin relation to women and the examples of Ummahāt ul Mominīn ( رضیااللہاعنھنProphet's صلى الله عليه وسلمwives) led to establishing guidelines to encounter contemporary challenges. The research provides guidance in all spheres of life considering the Prophet's صلى الله عليه وسلمSīrah, therefore bridging gaps in women's comprehension of Islam and eliminating its margins. This research would benefit Muslims and non-Muslims alike, particularly the social scientists. Keywords: Muslim women, thought, Islamic thought, Fiqh al Sīrah, contemporary thought, feminism.
مسلم سکھ تعلقات: تاریخی اور عصرى تناظر میں جائزہ Muslim-Sikh Relations: A Review in Historical and Contemporary Perspective This Thesis Discusses Muslim-Sikh Relations with reference to Kartarpur Cooridor in contemporary ages. Islam promotes intefaitrh harmony, peace and peaceful coexistence with other religions and all over the globe. Non-believers have always been treated with respect in Islam, and if any non-Muslim wishes to remain in an Islamic state, it is binding on Muslims to protect them. The blending of Islam and Hinduism in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries created a number of new religious sects. One of them is Sikhism, which was founded by Baba Guru Nanak. Historically, when Raja Ranjeet Singh ruled over the whole Punjab, Muslim-Sikh relations were at their lowest. There was the armed struggle against each other. The Sikhs fought alongside the Hindus & Muslims against the British in the War of Independence. After the partition of United India, the vast majority of them fled from west Punjab to Indian Punjab and other regions. However, Pakistan’s Punjab is home to the most important sacred sites. Sikhs have a similar relationship with Muslims as they have with Hindus because of their monotheistic as well as polytheistic beliefs. Partition has severed the Muslim-Sikh relations because a lot of innocent blood was spilt on both sides. Along with this, Pakistan has always protected Sikh holy places and welcomed them ardently. In the contemporary world, Muslim-Sikh relations have taken a renewed pleasant turn when Pakistan announced the opening of the Kartarpur corridor with east Punjab. Kartarpur is the most sacred place for Sikh pilgrims from all over the world. In this Research, an attempt has been made to examine the Muslim-Sikh relations in the historical context of the Indian subcontinent and to describe the religious, cultural and social relations of the Muslim-Sikh community since the establishment of Pakistan. Also, the impact of the Kartarpur Corridor on Pakistani Society has been evaluated. For this research, I have used Analytical and historical research methodology. Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (PSGPC) (Sikh temples Managing Committee) was constituted by the Government of Pakistan to protect the holy places of Sikhs. There is a need to promote religious tourism in Pakistan, in particular, more steps should be taken to promote trade and commerce between East and West Punjab. It will cultivate a cordial relationship with neighboring regions and promote peace and harmony. Keywords: Muslim-Sikh Relations, Historical, Contemporary, Analysis, Pakistan, Kartarpur Corridor, Interfaith harmony.
مَردوں کی جسمانی زیب وزینت کے اسلامی آداب اور معاصر رجحانات کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ Islam is a complete code of conduct and one of its major features is that it commands moderation in all matters. On the contrary, it is undesirable in the eyes of Shari'ah to go beyond the limits of moderation. Cleanliness and beautification are integral part of human nature. Beautification is an important aspect of life. Islam has also given such comprehensive instructions regarding this aspect. Every Man wants to look good in every aspect and he has tried for this in every era but most people either exceed or fall behind the set limits of Islam. Islam is the religion of nature, so in the matter of beautification, Islam has guided the people in the right way, keeping in mind the natural taste and beauty of man. Islam has also pointed out significant boundaries according to the role of Muslims in real beauty life. Islam has made and beautified the concept of beauty by removing the predominant contamination so that beauty can be expressed in the realm of virtue free from stupidity and shamelessness without being injured by masculine distinctions and perfections. Also, that the one who adopts beauty should not be exposed to the misconceptions or suspicions that are forbidden by Allah Almighty or that spoil the creation. It is obvious that the one who crosses the set boundaries among man and woman regarding beautification is undesirable in Islam. Different aspects in terms of personal beautification and makeup The first aspect of beauty in which man tries to get rid of stench, filth and dirt because these impurities are against the human nature. Man can not only attain cleanliness by removing filth from himself and attaining cleanliness, but people also seem to forget the natural form bestowed by Allah Almighty. Achieving this aspect of beauty is a must. There are many rules in Islam which are based on inside-out cleanliness such as cutting nails, removing unnecessary hair, bathing and ablution rules etc. The second aspect of beautification in which man regularly adapts. Such as the beauty of clothing, hair styling, make-up on the face and other exposed parts, etc. The third aspect of beautification is that in which a person becomes engrossed in makeover of himself. And to try to make oneself attractive all the time apart from every work or to try to become beautiful by changing the nature made features of man etc. pulchritude.vii Attempts have been made to solve these questions regarding the physical beautification of men. What is the importance of beautification of men? What are the Islamic etiquettes of men's physical beautification? What are the contemporary trends in men's physical beautification? Beautification is how you make it whereas physical attractiveness is how you were created. The Qur'an and Sunnah recommends and encourages the adoption of ways to look attractive & beautiful. In adopting physical beautification, it is necessary to adopt the path of moderation and to avoid arrogance, extravagance, change in the attributes of creation, and artificial deception. It has a profound effect on heart and body. The purpose of avoiding the use of gold, silver and silk is to evade arrogance and extravagance. It is advisable to avoid any beautification which is a waste of time and money.
Quranic concept of personality Development: A critical study with reference to five factor model of Personality Quranic concept of Personality Development: A critical study with reference to Five Factor Model of Personality “Trait Theory of Personality” is used to study and evaluate human personality. Theorists who study traits are mainly interested in assessing traits that are habitual behavioral tendencies, thoughts, and emotions. Presently, the most firm and wellvalidated framework of traits of human personality is The “Big Five” framework. The framework comprises of five global dimensions: Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism. Five factor model of personality explores relationships between personality and many other behaviour indicators. From an Islamic perspective, the concept of personality is derived from human nature which is expressed as Nafs in Quran. Muslim scholars have discussed stages of Nafs in Quran as Nafs-e-Ammârah, Nafs lawwâmah, and Nafs Mutma’innah, the final stage of soul. Revolving around these stages of soul, Quran mentions the traits of balanced personality which do not limit personality of a man to only Big 5 dimensions but describes man’s personality in close relation with Creator of universe. The research investigates how Quran demonstrates personality development and its growth in various traits? How “Big Five” model elaborates human personality into traits? How Quranic concept about personality development rationalizes Big 5 personality traits? How Quran depicts balanced personality of man? Thus, analyzing all these research questions in Quranic perspective, balanced personality traits in Quran are formulated. Descriptive and analytical research techniques are applied in this regard. It is concluded that Five Factor Model of Personality does not address to key dimension of personality that function above the level of traits. It is also founded that five dimension of personality lack relationship of man with his Sole Creator. Religion exists nowhere in description of traits of human personality whereas, Quran illustrates a strong connection between the human soul and knowledge of Allah. When man believes in Allah, submits himself completely to Him, only then he adheres balanced personality traits. It is necessary to include religion as a crucial factor in the Five Factor Model of Personality since devotion to a Deity is innate in human. Keywords: Five Factor Model of Personality, Balanced personality trait, Nafs, Religion, Quranic concept of personality
غزوات وسرایا میں مباحثِ فقہیہ؛اصح السیر کا اختصاصی مطالعہ The second major source of Jurisprudence is Sira-e-Taiba. The inference of jurisprudential rules from Sira is known as Fiqh-us-Sira. Among the old historians, only Ghazwat and Sarai were included in the Sira. While the later ones have included in the Sira the acts of worship, morals and other aspects of the life of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). There is a large collection of books written on the subject of Fiqh- us-Sira. However, in this research, a special study has been made of the jurisprudential discourses of Assahul-Siyyar by Maulana Abdul Rauf Dana Puri.He was born in Danapur in 1856, had a deep interest in knowledge. Since his father was a high-ranking religious scholar, he got a religious and scholarly environment from the very beginning. He devoted his entire life for educational services. Though, he wrote different books but the status of “Assahul-Siyyar “written on Sirae- Taiba is higher than all his other writings. He passed away in 1948. Therefore, in this thesis, the rules and issues of jurisprudence, war Injunctions and principles are discussed. So that with the study of Sira-e-Taiba, one can get acquainted with the rules and issues of jurisprudence and the rules and regulations of war, which is the main purpose of writing of this thesis. This thesis consists of three chapters, findings, recommendations. Chapter No. 1 describes the background, author, style and method of the book and its characteristics in the light of the jurisprudential rulings of Ghazwat and Saraya. Chapter 2 deals with the general issues and rulings inferred from Ghazwat and Saraya. Chapter 3 describes the principles and rules of war derived from Ghazwat and Saraya and their use in modern times.
بابا فریدؒ اورمولانا رومؒ کی تعلیماتِ امن و رواداری اور اس کی عصری‬ معنویت(تجزیاتی مطالعہ) Islam is derived from Arabic word “ ”سلامةwhich means “Peace”, so Islam is a religion of peace, harmony, tranquility, and patience. There is no space of oppression and violence in Islam. Many esteemed Muslim mystics always promoted peacefulness of Islam in the society by their modest characters, sincere efforts, humble services and attractive behavior. It was result of their countless efforts that establish peace in the society as well as in the entire world. Consequently, there is a great need in the current era to follow the characters of these esteemed mystics. In this research, the researcher will discuss an analytical study of Bābā Farīd and Mawlānā Rūmī teachings on peace and tolerance as well as its contemporary significance. This study is divided into three chapters and every chapter has three sections. Chapter No.1 is about the introduction of Bābā Farīd and Mawlānā Rūmī and social milieu in that era, Chapter No. 2 discuss the meaning of peace and tolerance in Islam with its limitations and restrictions and analysis the impacts of Bābā Farīd and Mawlānā Rūmī teachings on peace and tolerance and last Chapter spread lights on Contemporary implications about teachings of Bābā Farīd and Mawlānā Rūmī. The conclusion of thesis can be summarized as follows; in modern era, materialism is spread everywhere, and the society has suffered from different issues such as sectarianism, violence and hypocrisy. So, the teachings of harmony, peace and patience need to be spread around the world to make this world a better place. In this context, we should also examine our role, how far we have strayed from the true teachings of Islam. It is necessity of time, that we also feed the hungry by adopting the life of the ṣūfiyyah. Become a feeder for hungry people to create a society based on love. Keywords: Contemporary Effectiveness, Maulana Rum, Baba Farid, Teachings of peace, Tolerance, Mystics, spread of Islam.
برصغیر میں مطالعہ یہودیت کی مسلم روایت: بیسوی صدی کے منتخب علماء کی آراء کا تجزیہ Judaism is one of the divine religions. In the Qur’an, the beliefs and ideologies of the Jews, their distortions and their infallibility of the Prophets are explained in detail. He, together with the polytheists of Makkah, dared to do great harm to Islam. From the time of the Rightly Guided Caliphate until the twentieth century, they allied themselves with the Crusaders and sometimes involved the Muslims in the Crusades and sometime tried to defeat the Muslim ideologically with ideologies such as socialism and communism. After the French Revolution, Jewish recapture of Jerusalem increased. With the rise of the Zionist movement in the twentieth century, the two great wars, the end of the Islamic caliphate and the establishment of Israel, the Muslim world faced various challenges and colonial domination. The scholars used all their resources to awaken the sleeping Ummah through their efforts. The western world, especially the Jewish religion and mentality, began a serious of researches and writing to understand them so that the ummah could understand them. The scholars of the subcontinent are second to none in this regard. This thesis looks at the study of Judaism by the selected scholars of the subcontinent Molana Syed Abu A’ala Mududi, Dr.Israr Ahmad, Yousaf Zafar and Razziuddin Syed. The issue of Pakistan’s relations with Israel is religious and diplomatic. The result it that the Jews are a corrupt nation and their goal is to establish a world Jewish government. The issue of relations with Pakistan is neither religious nor diplomatic. Keywords: Muslim Tradition, Study of Judaism, Subcontinent,Muslim Scholarship, Views,Zionist Movement, Establishment of Israel
معاہدات نبوی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے سماجی اثرات اور عصری معنویت ( تجزیاتی مطالعہ) The Holy Prophet (PBUH) established bilateral relations with different Arab tribes as the first step right after laying the foundation of an Islamic state. Some treaties were made with several tribes. As a result of these agreements, Islam flourished and spread in a better way. On the other hand, state administration and mutual connectivity of tribes also emerged. Islam commands gratifying agreements, along it dislikes breaches of agreements. In all agreements, it is very prominent that the Holy Prophet took good care of human rights agreements. The agreements also gave fundamental and religious rights to the citizens of each region. However, freedom of belief is maintained in all treaties. No citizen was forced to leave his religion and convert to Islam. Freedom of worship was granted, and it proved that the places of worship of non-Muslims living under the shadow of Islam are completely protected. For the importance of the topic, I classified the topic into three chapters. Chapter 1: The Historical Background of the Prophetic covenants. Chapter 2: The social impact of the prophetic Agreements. Chapter 3: The contemporary spirituality of the Prophetic Covenants. In the present age, we can say that it is imperative that whenever a treaty is made nationally or internationally adherence to that treaty is a real success. In the end, the modern principles used from the Prophet's agreements have been mentioned, as Pakistan is an Islamic country, so these principles are important in the social system of Pakistan. Keywords: tribes, agreements, social impact, human right
علامہ اقبال کے اردو کلام میں تذکار اصحابِ رسول رضوان اللہ علیہم اجمعین: تجزیاتی مطالعہ An Analyticel Study about the Memoir of the Companions of The Holy Prophet (PBUH) in Urdu Poetry of Allama Iqbal The poetry of Allama Sir. Muhammad Iqbal is of great importance to Muslims all around the world for its representation and interpretation of Islamic literature. Iqbal has done a tremendous job in emphasizing and highlighting the importance of the Quran, the Hadith of the prophet (s.a.w), the character and life of the prophet (s.a.w), the prestige of the Caliphs, the Ahl al-Bayt (family members and people from the house of the prophet), and the preaching of Islamic values After the divine prophets, the most eminent personalities in the world were the companions of the prophet (s.a.w) (may Allaah be pleased with them) whom Allaah chose for the love of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w). Through the efforts of the Sahaba, Islam was able to spread across the world far and wide. In his poems, Iqbal highlighted various aspects of the life of the Companions in order to invite the Muslims of his time to make the Companions of the prophet (s.a.w) the standard of their own thoughts and actions. That is why when the poetry of Iqbal is thoroughly studied, it becomes clear that in Allama's poetry, apart from Tawheed, Prophethood, Companions of the Prophet, saints, and Sufis, other subjects are also a part of his poetry but the aim of every subject is to access and get closer to Islam. My thesis consists of four chapters with each chapter having two subchapters. The first chapter is based on the love of Iqbal for the companions of the prophet (s.a.w). In the second chapter, I have discussed Iqbal's words that relate to the rightly guided Caliphs. The third chapter covers the mention of Ahl-e-Bayt (may Allah be pleased with him) in Iqbal's Urdu Kalam. In the fourth and last chapter, there is a discussion about the companions of the Prophet (Sahaba) according to the style of Iqbal and its authenticity of that time period. Iqbal has discussed in this Urdu poetry regarding companions of the prophet (s.a.w) (may Allah be pleased with them) so that today's Muslims and the younger generation are enlightened with the beacon of their way of life.