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الکلمات القرآنیة المدتخدمة فی اللغة الاردیة Topic: Quranic Words in Urdu Language This topic discusses the issue of the utilization of the Quranic Words in Urdu Language. In addition to that, it also throws light on the factors that are part of the utilization of Quranic words in Urdu Language. Indeed, the influence of any language on the other is one of those issues which have been discussed by various linguistics and philosophers and due to this influence various words of one language are used in other language As for as the utilization of Quranic words are concerned it has been observed that there is a large number of Quranic words which are used in Urdu Language such as: This thesis contains four chapters and each chapter has its sub-chapters. The first chapter deals with the revelation of the Holy Quran in Arabic Language and its sub-chapters discuss the evaluation of Arabic Language and its brief history. The second chapter discusses the evaluation of Urdu Language and the brief of some important Urdu dictionaries The third chapter throws light on the Issue of the utilization of Quranic words in Urdu language. The fourth chapter describes the dialectical, morphological and etymological study of Quranic words used In Urdu Language. In addition to that, the results, findings and recommendations have been stated at the end of this PhD thesis.
دراسة تقابلیة بین عنترة بن شداد العبسی و خوشحال خان ختک فی شعر الحب The title of this research thesis is "The comparative study of the love poems of Antra bin Shadad and Khushal Khan khattak". The thesis highlights aspects of their lives, careers, genres, themes, thoughts and sentiments of their poetry. The article is divided into four chapters. Chapter 1: Definition of poetry. The history of the Arabic and Pushto poetry. * Love poems in the perspective of Arab and Pushtun societies. Chapter 2: Life sketch and achievements of Antra and Khushal. Chapter 3: The genres and themes of their poetry. Analysis of their thoughts, sentiments and their emphasis on morality, bravery, patience, fortitude, hardwork and patriotism. Emphasis on self-realisation instead of self abnegation. Iqbal’s philosophy of the self is based on Khushal's focus on self-realisation. Chapter 4: The comprative study of Antra and Kushal's love poems. An indepth analysis of their art of poetry. Highlights of standards and normsin the critical appreciation of their poetry.
دور مجالس الخلفاء الامویین فی تطور الدراسات النقدیة The thesis comprises a preface followed by four chapters, a summary of thesis with critical discussion and recommendations and references at the end. This thesis is a research work about the role of Umayyad's Khulafa's conferences in the development, growth and promotion of criticism and its effects on literary criticism. It gathers the pre-Islamic period, Khulafaye Rashideen's" particularly Caliph Umer's prominent comments and contribution in this regard. It elaborates that Umayyad's Khulafa took keen interest in literature and its criticism. They appreciated the poets and awarded them with prizes in their good performances and also criticized them in their poor performance. So the poets worked hard in their poetic narratives to get more and more appreciation and prizes from the rulers and audience, so this approach helped in development, growth and promotion of literary criticism. The thesis discusses the new scales of criticism as well as literary and rhetorical terminologies which were created during the Umayyad's' rulers conferences at Damascus - particularly Caliph Abdul - Malik contribution as a source in this regard. At the end it also discusses about the effects of Umayyad's Khulafa's literary conferences up to the modern and contemporary periods.
الاعجاز البلاغی و العلمی ولنکت البلاغیة و العلمیة فی سورة یس Rhetorical and Scientific Miraculousness of Sura Yaseen with Special Focus on its Salient Rhetorical & Scientific Features (A Critical Interdisciplinary Study of the Quranic Sura Yaseen's Inimitability). The Quran claims to be the world of God and as such to be inimitable by mortals. The Holy Prophet regards the Sura Yaseen as the heart of the entire Quran in point of its being a happy synthesis of rhetorical, scientific and phonetic excellence of outstanding nature. This manifold quality of Sura Yaseen has been the subject of the present research in the light of the past and contemporary linguistic and semantic studies, especially those related to modern scientific discoveries in the fields of astronomy, biology, geography, photosynthesis, chemical transformation, buoyancy and archeo-historic probe — all this preceded by linguistic and semantic analysis of the Arabic term: Ijaz (inimitability) with survey of the views of the past and present scholars on the subject. Thereafter a detailed study has been undertaken to bring to the focus the phenomenon of Quranic Ijaz in its different and various aspects such as rhetorical and linguistic, legislative, and expressive (as distinct from poetic expression), metaphysical, narrative, psycho-affective, photosynthetic, geographical, and numerical by way of providing a background necessary for appreciation of the literary, artistic and scientific characteristics of Sura Yaseen with special focus on the fact that Sura Yaseen enshrines the higher trio of divine epistemology, anthropology and reasoning, given which Sura Yaseen exemplifies a highest imaginable level of excellence coupled with unsurpassed brevity.
الصور البلاغیة فی الادعیة القرآنیة Topic of the PhD dissertation (Rhetoric pictures in Quranic Invocations.) It is a matter of fact that the Holy Quran is characterized by rhetoric and elequancy. This rhetoric and eloquaney appear in the Quranic invocations. So I have adopted the rhetorical aspects of the Quranic invocations as a subject matter of my PhD thesis. I shall try to focus on these aspects keeping in view the three kinds of the rhetoric: 1. (Elm —Ul-Bayan ) 2. (Elm-Ul-Maani) 3. (Elm-Ul-Badea) I have divided my topic into six chapters: First Chapter: It will deal with Rhetoric. It will include three sub-chapters. Second Chapter: It will consist of essential objects of research regarding invocations. It will include six sub-chapters. Third Chapter: The Quranic invocations will be discussed. It will consist of four sub-chapters. Fourth Chapter: Quranic invocations will be mentioned in the light of. It will include four sub-chapters. Fifth Chapter: Quranic invocations will be mentioned in the light of. It will consist of four sub-chapters. Sixth Chapter: Quranic Invocations will be mentioned in the light of. It will include three sub-chapters.
تکوین الانسان فی ضوء الطب الجدید و القرآن The miracle of Human creation in the Holy Quran is one of the many described miracles. Holy Quran is Allah’s ultimate revelation contains astonishingly accurate details about human development inside the mother’s womb. Had it not been revealed to Prophet Mohammad it would not have been possible to be known to mankind in terms of modern rules of science. The purpose of the study is to establish a link between modern medicine with exact statements in the Holy Quran in the seventh century A.D., before the science of embryology was established, and to bring to light what was known about the human embryo at the time of revelation of the Holy Quran, and to investigate if any of the statements were really known before seventh century A.D. For conduction of this study it is imperative to understand the importance of association between linguistic and scientific knowledge, and to comprehend the real essence and original meaning of the word used in the Holy Quran , and to compare them with general believes on the subject held at the time of the revelation of Holy Quran. The words of Quran are not translatable. The Holy Quran can only be interpreted, as one word has many and different meanings. Therefore it is necessary to compare the interpretation of Holy Quran with the general beliefs about the creation of man before and at the time of the revelation of the Quran. One should have complete scientific knowledge of embryology and genetics up to date. The verses of Holy Quran are to be understood by extensive and deep study of ancient and modern “Tafaseers”, authentic sayings of the prophet and his noble companions the prose and poetry at the time of ignorance, the historical and Theological background of the people and works of Muslim scholars and scientists. After a detailed comparison it is realized that the statements Of the Holy Quran are in complete agreement with modern scientific data. Modern scientific knowledge has helped us to understand certain verses of the Quran which were impossible to interpret. Only in the nineteenth century could the Muslim scholars and scientists interpret many scientific miracles with the help of microscope, and other instruments of investigation, which were narrated in the holy Quran fourteen centuries earlier in the pre microscopic era
الحجاز فی ادب الرحلة العربی Al-Hijaz in the Arabs' Travel Literature Traveling has been very nature of human being and a source of earning since times immemorial. Traveling experiences and observations attract every body's attention in the form of stories. That is why, with the passage of time, travelogue became a genre of literature. Like other languages Arabic is also rich in travelogues. For the Muslims, the land of Hijaz is their center for love and respect, because it is the place where the revelation came and the whole humanity took advantage of it. That is why visiting the holy places Makkah Al-Mukarramah and Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah has been the wish of every Muslim. As a result, Hijaz became the most frequently visited place in the world. As Hijaz is also a center of knowledge and trade, that is why a great number of travelogues were written about Al-Hijaz particularly in Arabic language. This is why I have selected the topic "Al-Hijaz in the Arabs' Travel Literature". I have divided this thesis into Abstract, Preface, five chapters, Bibliography and list of contents. First chapter talks about the importance of literature of travelers and it has five sub-chapters. Second chapter is about Hijaz and it has three sub-chapters. Third chapter is about Arab and non-Arab travelogue writers who wrote about Hijaz. Fourth chapter discusses political, economic and religious overview of Hijaz in the light of travelogues. Fifth chapter has three sub-chapters and talks about the styles of travelogues.
سورۃ الانفال: دراسۃ تحلیلیۃ تحویۃ و بلاغیۃ (Analytical, Grammatical and Rhetorical study of Surah Al-Anfal) We have created man from Nutfah Amshaj, in order to try him, so, We made him hearer and seer. We guided him to the way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful.
الخطابۃ واثرھا فی تطور النثر العربی It is a matter of fact that the Holy Quran is characterized by rhetoric and elequency. These (rhetoric and eloquaney) appear in the types of Arabic literature especially Arabic prose. I shall try to focus on this influence of Quran in the Arabic orations & different periods of Arabic literature. Thesis is based on four chapters: First chapter It deals with oratory. And include four sub-chapters. Second chapter It consist of essential objects of research regarding Arabic Prose and include six sub-chapters. Third chapter It will consist of Quran & its influence in Arabic Language & literature and include four sub-chapters. Fourth chapter Examples of Orations influenced by Quranic text. And include five sub-chapters.
دور العلماء المسلمین الصینیین والمدرس الاسلامیۃ فی نشر اللغۃ العربیۃ والثقافۃ الاسلامیۃ Role of Chinese Muslim Scholars in Spreading Arabic Institutes and Islamic Culture in China Islam is a very old Religion in China and a large number of Muslims living in China. Thisthesis deals with the questions how Chinese Muslim Scholars have been playing their roles in disseminating Arabic language and Islamic culture in China. Their visits abroad to learn Arabic language and increase their knowledge of Islamic civilization have been discussed. The difficulties they have faced in these efforts and their success stories have been mentioned. These efforts of Chinese Muslim scholars have never been highlighted before. No such material is presently available in any library in China in Arabic. The role of Religious institutions in China for equipping Chinese Muslim scholars with the capability of spreading the message of Almighty Allah in this part of land has also be elaborated. My humble effort has been reached the sources of information and compiled this information in Arabic language.
مشکلات ترجمۃ معانی القرآن الکریم الی اللغۃ الصینیۃ دراسۃ مقارنۃ بین وانغ جینغ جای و مکین Objectives of the study were, to compare the similarities and differences between Chinese and Arabic. To study on two scholars Wang Jing Zhai and Ma Jian and their contributions to translation of Qur'an. To dispose the issues and problems in Quran translation, to help readers understand the Qur'an and to make some constructive suggestions and comments to those who want to translate Qur'an into other languages. Research Methodology: survey method is the most commonly used research methods. It is purposeful, planned, systematic collection of the study or historical reality of the situation of the materials. . Literature Review: Literature Review method is based on certain research purposes, or subject, by investigating literature to obtain information to fully and correctly understand the problem. Literature research is being widely used in the study of various disciplines. The effects are: to understand the history and current status of the relevant issues to help determine the research topic, to form a general impression on the study thus to help to observe and visit the subject/object, to get comparative materials of the real data and to help to understand the whole picture of things. Logical reasoning: Through this method we can study on the rhetoric in Qur'an. History research: We can study on the academic and personal history of the scholars mentioned in this study.
الشواھد الشعریۃ فی تفسیری القرطبی و اضواء البیان Poetic Citation in the Tafasir of AI-Qurtubi and Adwa-ul-Bayan Linguistic and Syntactical Comparative Study (Chapters: Al-Ambiya and Al-Haj) The Holy Quran, which is the last book of Almighty Allah and revealed for the guidance of the whole humanity till the doomsday, is indeed the most important and deserving book for a research scholar to carry out his research on it. Learning of Arabic language is a basic tool for its understanding and the Arabic poetry has its major role in the learning process of this language. Arabic language helps the commentators of the Holy Quran in defining the actual lexical and contextual meaning of the difficult words occurred in the Holy Quran. Among the classical commentators of the Holy Quran, Imam Qurtubi (died in 671 H) is one of those commentators who have very abundantly cited the Arabic poetry in his Tafsir. Likewise, Allama Shinqiti (died in 1393 H) is one of those commentators in the contemporary period who followed the same pattern in his Tafsir. Having a profound love for the Arabic poetry, I carried out my research work in the comparative linguistic and syntactical study of the poetic citation used by these two commentators delimiting the research work to two chapters of the Holy Quran. This research work is divided into five chapters: Chapter One: deals with the poetic citation, its importance in defining the meanings of the difficult words occurred in the Holy Quran. Chapter Two: deals with the biographies of the two commentators and the characteristics of their commentaries along with pattern followed by them in their Tafasir. Chapter Three: consists of the analytical study of the poetic citation in Tafsir Qurtubi in the two chapters of the Holy Quran mentioned above covering their linguistic and syntactical aspects. Chapter Four: consists of the analytical study of the poetic citation in Tafsir Adwa-ul-Bayan in the two chapters of the Holy Quran mentioned above covering their linguistic and syntactical aspects. Chapter Five: consists of the comparative study between the two commentaries focusing on the similarities and dissimilarities in both of them.
ظاھرۃ الخبر ذکرا و حذفا فی نظم القرآن: دراسۃ نحویۃ و بلاغیۃ Elimination of the Predicate in the Holy Quran It is a fact that the Holy Quran, being the last Book revealed by Almighty Allah is perfect in all respects. It contains instructions for the entire humanity and teaches us how to become an excellent human being. One beautiful feature of this Book is its rhetoric and syntax, the richness and grandeur of which cannot be found in any other language of the world. In every language, a sentence consists of 'Subject' and `Predicate'. Sometimes 'Predicate' is deleted from the sentence which makes the language more beautiful and impressive. This feature has been used in the Holy Quran very frequently, which has added to the beauty of the Quranic language. I have highlighted this aspect in the light of: 1: Elm-Ul-Bayan 2: Elm-U1-Ma'ani 3: Elm-Ul-Badea Briefly, my thesis consists of an introduction, five chapters and a final conclusion. First chapter: It deals with Arabic syntax and rhetoric, and has two sub-chapters. Second chapter: It deals with Arabic rhetoric, where I have concentrated on theoretical study of the issue. It consists of five sub-chapters. Third chapter: This chapter deals with Predicate in syntax. I have further divided this chapter into three sub-chapters. Fourth chapter: It deals with Predicative attribution and highlights the elimination of attributed words. I have further divided this chapter into three sub-chapters. Fifth chapter: This chapter deals with Applied study in which examples of elimination of Predicate have been quoted from the verses of the Holy Quran. It has three sub-chapters. I am confident that my effort will make the readers more conscious to appreciate the beauty of the language of the Holy Quran. Wallahulmusta'an.
وصف الادوات البلاغیۃ فی السور المکیۃ فی ضوء التفسیرین الجلالین و البیضاوی "Description of rhetorical devices in Makki Surah in the light of Tafseer Jalalain and Tafseer Baidhawe" No doubt that the Holy Quraan is different from all other books by its style, subject and rhetoric. It is impossible for any other book to be like Holy Quraan. This Thesis is related to research on the rhetorical devices/points in Makki Surahs. For the analytical and rhetorical study, two renowned Tafaseer (Exegeses) have been selected c.e; Tafseer Jalalain and Tafseer Baidhawee. In this research I have focused on points being discussed in three fields of rhetoric: 1. Ilmul bayan 2. llmul maanee 3. llmul badie The research topic carries out in accordance with the following classifications. Chapter 1: is related to the history of Arabic rhetoric and its effect on the Quraanic Tafseer. It consists of three sub-chapters. Chapter 2: deals with the rhetorical points in Makki surahs in the light of Tafseer-i-Jalalain. It consists of five sub-chapters. Chapter 3 deals with the rhetorical points in the Makki surahs in the light of Tafseer-al- Baidhawee. It consists of four sub-chapters. Chapter 4: points out the resemblances and differences comparatively in the two selected Tafaseer i.e Jalalain & Baidhawee in rhetorical points.