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Analysis of Environmental Strategic Planning in Public Sector of Pakistan The governing method evolved in academia and enterprise has in large part targeted at the improvement of across the world identified perspectives, frameworks, and instruments. Different strategies which include database, case study, and content material evaluation are to be hard to degree environmental strategic planning perspectives. After the scale development measuring, different dimensions with different variables of environmental strategic planning is still missing. Therefore, the study explores and measures the broader, applicable and viable perspective of environmental strategic planning through different variables of environment sustainability. During this process, 7 to 8 variables related to environmental strategic planning were identified from the literature. These items were s further reduced to 5 in a process of item validation. Correlation and Validity factor analysis was applied and finally, 17 items were extracted.150 senior officers from BPS (17-19) working in various divisions (FGEHA, PHA, PWD, NHA, and State Office) under the Ministry of Housing and Works. Most of the officers were Dy. Assistant Directors & Assistant Directors from Housing Authority. Environmental strategic planning consists of five constructs including ecoefficiency, environmental priorities, health & safety, environmental reporting, and Innovation & Technology are identified. Eco-efficiency constructs include energy consumption mechanism, pollution prevention mechanism, and environmental implication. Environmental priorities include indicators like local and international standard's implementation, special initiatives, and employee awareness programs. Health and safety include customer health and safety as well as employee health and safety policies. Environmental reporting is constructed with standardization and clear and accurate environmental reporting as basic indicators. Similarly, Innovation & Technology includes Productivity, Research & Development, and Innovation Surveys. This thesis is used to evaluate the Environmental strategic planning in the Ministry of Housing & Works.
Analysis of Environmental Strategic Planning in Public Sector of Pakistan The governing method evolved in academia and enterprise has in large part targeted at the improvement of across the world identified perspectives, frameworks, and instruments. Different strategies which include database, case study, and content material evaluation are to be hard to degree environmental strategic planning perspectives. After the scale development measuring, different dimensions with different variables of environmental strategic planning is still missing. Therefore, the study explores and measures the broader, applicable and viable perspective of environmental strategic planning through different variables of environment sustainability. During this process, 7 to 8 variables related to environmental strategic planning were identified from the literature. These items were s further reduced to 5 in a process of item validation. Correlation and Validity factor analysis was applied and finally, 17 items were extracted.150 senior officers from BPS (17-19) working in various divisions (FGEHA, PHA, PWD, NHA, and State Office) under the Ministry of Housing and Works. Most of the officers were Dy. Assistant Directors & Assistant Directors from Housing Authority. Environmental strategic planning consists of five constructs including ecoefficiency, environmental priorities, health & safety, environmental reporting, and Innovation & Technology are identified. Eco-efficiency constructs include energy consumption mechanism, pollution prevention mechanism, and environmental implication. Environmental priorities include indicators like local and international standard's implementation, special initiatives, and employee awareness programs. Health and safety include customer health and safety as well as employee health and safety policies. Environmental reporting is constructed with standardization and clear and accurate environmental reporting as basic indicators. Similarly, Innovation & Technology includes Productivity, Research & Development, and Innovation Surveys. This thesis is used to evaluate the Environmental strategic planning in the Ministry of Housing & Works.
THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA AS TOOL OF POLITICAL COMMUNICATION IN ENHANCING POLITICAL MESSAGE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN PAKISTAN Social media platforms are increasingly used for political news and information by adults in the United States, especially when it comes to election time. Over the last decade, extensive literature has been published regarding social media effects on real-life political participation. Many argue that social media stimulates online and offline political participation. With the development of new media technologies, Twitter and Facebook have become increasingly popular social media tools employed in today's political process for connecting, communicating, and disseminating information in the public realm. It is a channel of two-way communication facilitating increased political participation, allowing political Message to go through without any boundaries and editorial policy filters unlike traditional media. Through a comparative analysis of selected political parties in Pakistan (PML (N), PPP & PTI), the primary objective of this research is to explore the role of social media based political communication in boosting political Message. New media allows political players, media actors, and individuals to actively participate and interact directly on Facebook pages or through Twitter accounts by passing media as gatekeepers. Therefore, it is aimed to carefully ascertain the critical role of social media in political communication. This thesis also tends to explore how and why social media has earned power regarding political communication and how it is strengthening the democratic process in Pakistan. The conceptual framework developed in this thesis is based on emerging theories of social media logic and gratification theory which allow us to conduct an analysis how political communication occur on social media. A mixed method study with both qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques was carefully chosen. The data is compiled, presented and analyzed for interpretation of results on the basis of which conclusions have drawn how political parties in Pakistan are using social media and then recommendations how this new media can be used for meaningful and effective political communication in future.
Issues and Challenges of Public Policy Implementation: A Case Study of National Electric Vehicles Policy (NEVP) This research is being carried out to identify the issues and challenges in implementation of National Electric Vehicles Policy. Electric Vehicles are new technology vehicles that are being adopted rapidly by the world and becoming popular which have several benefits including less harmful for the environment. Considering the various benefits and the growing trend of EVs, Engineering Development Board in Ministry of Industries and Production prepared the first ever National Electric Vehicles Policy (NEVP) which was approved in December 2020. EV’s growth is suffering from various problems in the world. In Pakistan after more than one year of approval of EV policy, EV industry could not start its development and there are only 28 EVs on road. In this study we have identified issues and challenges in implementation of NEVP using qualitative methods. In depth interviews have been taken from the representatives of all the four major stakeholders i.e. Policy makers, manufacturers, Charging Stations and EV owners. Thematic Analysis has been used to analyze the data. Several factors have been identified that are acting as barriers in implementation of the policy. These factors have been divided into six categories i.e. social factors, policy factors, energy factors, infrastructure factors, financial factors and technology factors. Top down implementation model along with horizontal input from private sector has been suggested which could be called a “Support Building Approach”. A Comprehensive geographical implementation plan has been suggested as well. All of the four major stake holders of the electric vehicles are facing various problems which are turning out to be the barriers, issues and challenges in implementation of the NEVP. Most of the problems faced by one sector can be handled by the other sector if timely communicated in a proper way. Therefore, there is a need to bring together all the stakeholders. This strong and single forum coordination will ease the policy implementation which will result in early adoption of EVs. Successful implementation of NEVP will lead to the several benefits that include but not limited to the reduction in GHG emissions, improved urban air quality, reduced fuel import bill, promotion of indigenization, employment opportunities and clean and green industrial development in the country.