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PAK-Us Defence Alliances 1947-1958:Needs,Dynamics,and Repercussions.
This research is an effort to study the ties between Pakistan and the U.S. during the height of the cold war struggle and the heydays of pacts and alliances. The US was looking for anti-communist alliances, whereas Pakistan emerged as a staunch ally in Asia. The thesis examines Pak-US alliances of Cold War, its needs, dynamics and repercussion.The study primarily discussing the need of alliances in modern times and assesses the conditions that obligated Pakistan to join Western alliances and argues that Pakistan joined the US sponsored Western alliances for acquiring economic and strategic aid, while the US wanted to shape a defense system of non-communist states.The study further describes the conditions under which Pakistan was pushed into Western alliances, In the 1950s, the US formulated SEATO and CENTO to safeguard the Asian zone from the challenge of communism. Pakistan allied with the US and supported US strategies to contain Soviet expansionist policies in the region. Pakistan's key priority was to resolve the Kashmir problem and to maintain its stability in the face of Indian hostility. Since India was better off militarily and politically. Economic and security assistance persuaded Pakistan to enter such strategic alliances. The research also highlights that Pakistan's ties with Muslim countries and the Soviet Union have ended since entering the Western coalition programme. The study further dives into the details of Pakistan’s declined relations with the US in 1960sand also addressed the consequences that Pakistan had to deal with since entering the Western alliance system. The research has also discussed the scope and advantages within the American sphere of control of these partnerships and the position of Pakistani leadership, while Pakistan has been dealing with potential challenges from India since its creation.
The main focus of this research is to explore the needs and dynamics which remained involve in forging an alliance and also the impact of these alliances on Pakistan’s domestic and foreign political affairs.