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حقوق نسواں: اسلامی تعلیمات اور مغربی افکار کاتقابلی جائزہ
Women Rights: A Comparative Review of Islamic Teachings and Western Thoughts The entity of woman is a gorgeous phenomenon of this universe. As a whole women right is also a global fact, it is a conceptual comparative study of the women rights in Islamic teaching and Western Thoughts. Islamic teachings are necessary to give an explanation, justifying the inequality between sister and brother between mother and father and between daughter and son. It seems that the Legislator has taken into consideration the rights of a woman in their entirety, together with the fact that laws are framed for normal cases of life and not for rare exceptions. Therefore, Islamic teachings not only recognize rights of male and female equally but also give due consideration to the natural differences of male and female during detailed analysis of duties and obligation. So, rights of women ought to be in accordance with Islamic teachings and Feminism has generated much debate among modern scholars. Islam which is considered the religion and code of life of humanity is also the fore runner of the women rights. It not only restored their last glory as the sacred mother, daughter, wife and sister but also gives them equal share in social life and gives prime importance to them in decision making. Islam has granted woman these rights; the woman of Europe was deprived of them for more than eleven hundred years. And when she at last secured them she did not do it easily. As regard the earlier west, the emerging movements, as well as their motivating leading persons’ thoughts of feminism considered that women are not enjoying equal rights as men in the most respects, and played only a limited role in western society. So, a woman should move violently for equality with man in every respect and emancipation like men in the society. This inspiration of feminism is also originated from political, economic, social and cultural factors that demands gender equality in society in all respects and also perceives the women rights. This conceptual comparative study aims to establish women’s rights within the Islamic framework by reinterpreting Islam’s everlasting sources. The dissertation Women Rights: A Comparative Review of Islamic Teachings and Western Thoughts comprising on five chapters is aimed at elaborating this work in detail. The chapter one deals with the notion of rights, inception and evolvement, and scope of women rights in Islam and West. It is followed by chapter two about rights of woman in accordance with Islamic Teachings. The rights of woman in West are explored in chapter three by evaluating western family system, women’s status in western society and the concept of emancipation and equality with its impacts on western society. Chapter four comprises on women rights with the perspective of their struggle of thinkers and the movements. Chapter five winds up the whole comparative study of Islamic Teachings and Western thoughts of women rights lastly, whole study concluded.