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A Case Study of Demoeratic Transitions in Pakistan 1999-2008
Munir Ullah Qureshi
ABSTRACT In Pakistan since its inception, every military dictator had showed their justification for reasoning behind the intervention of military into democracy to defend the state and to rescue the country from the corrupt civilian leadership. In this research study when the military government of General Musharraf dethroned the elected civilian government of Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, he justified Army rule and defined it as new path to lead state affairs. It was main agenda of Military government to resolve internal as well as external issue. Although, Gen. Musharraf suspended the Constitution 1973, the military government of the Gen. Musharraf has showed its willing to work remain under the constitution and abound rules of law. The military government of Musharraf adopted the tactics of divide and rule. The opposing group of the military government argued that a process of special court (NAB) is not need to tackle the cases of corruption against the political leaders and also argued that to expel politicians from contributing in October polls, the NAB process were being launched. The top political parties blamed to military government to strengthen his positon on civil rules in Pakistan. On the other hand, the military government was troubled by refusing to share power with well-organized political party. The Pervez Musharraf decided with allowing to all major political parties for its survivals. Resultant, the Pakistan People Party including Pakistan Muslim league (N) joined hand by rejecting the Pervez Musharraf policies and started struggle for the restoration of democracy. They have taken initial stop by working jointly to pressurize the Pervez Musharraf government in restoration of democratic transition. If the two major parties Pakistan people Party and Pakistan Muslim League (N) sustained mutual agreement, they will have learned how to stop the resistance of the military intervention and to promote the democratic consolidation in Pakistan.