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An Analytical Study of Thoughts and Short Story Writing Art of Simin Daneshver
Semin Daneshver is known as the first famous contemporary novelist, fiction writer and translator of Persian language. She is the first feminist story writer of Iran as well as who bore the courage to write among the male writers of her period. Atesh-e Khamush (The Quenched Fire) was the first collection of Persian short stories by Simin Daneshver published in 1948 whereas the first novel by her Suvashun (Mourners of Siavoush) was published in 1969. Her other major works are: The Novels Sarban-e –Sargardan ( The wandering Camel ride) and Jazire- ye- Sargardani ( The wander Islanad), Collection of Short stories : 1.- Atesh-e Khamush (The Quenched Fire) 2- Shehri Chon Behesht( A City as paradise) 3- Be ki Salam Konam? (To whom should I Say hello?) 4- Az Parinde haye mohajir beporse( Ask the immigrant birds) 5- Intekhab (Selection). Likewise her translations of Chekhove, Bernard Shaw, Hawthorne, Schnitzler and Saroyan had become a valuable addition to the collection of foreign works available in Pakistan. This research is based upon the structural analysis of her five collections of short stories according to the elements of short story such as Experience, Conflict, Plot, Theme and Point of view, Characterization, Dialogues, Settings and Symbol. According to the afore mentioned elements of short stories, Simin Daneshver is a successful writer. Though her early work Aatish e Khamush was not so successful, but later Danehver’s Prose style was considerably mature, closer to the language of the people and developed with a short, clear and concise sentence structure. Daneshver’s stories reflect reality rather than fantasy. They contain themes such as child kidnapping, adultery, marriage, childbirth, sickness, death, treason, profiteering, illiteracy, Ignorance, Poverty, and loneliness. The issues she deals with were the social problems of 1960s and 1970s in Iran which have immediacy and credibility for readers. She drew inspiration from the people around her. Daneshver is also successful in creating the real, as well as the imaginary worlds of her characters. Hence, her feminist point of view remains the centre of many works. Daneshver asserted her devotion to depict women’s conditions of Iranian society in the short story “Shahri Chun Behesht”. Here she no longer dwells on the general characteristics of women; rather she assumes a neutral position and avoids passing judgment on them; she merely portrays the women and their lives as she saw them. Her characters are able to speak for themselves and demonstrate where their major strengths and weaknesses lie. As a women writer she wrote about the sensitivity of the Iranian women. Her characters are quite real and she is close to her readers as she writes about the common everyday problems in simple and understandable language. In the light of the analysis of her works and writing art she is an eminent and successful writer and her thoughts are assets for future female writers.