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Evaluating Reporter Voice in Pakistani News Reporting: A discourse-based study
The study evaluates ‘reporter voice’ as a text type in Pakistani broadsheet journalistic discourses. It explores the patterns of evaluation in hard news reporting and investigates the ways broadsheets carry a different style in reporter voice. For this purpose, it focuses on three broadsheets of Pakistani print media, namely Dawn, The Nation and The News. In order to reach the aims of the study, Appraisal Framework (Martin & White, 2005) is applied. Since the study focuses on authorial attitude and solidarity towards reporting/ reported news event therefore the domains of Attitude and Engagement have been focused within Appraisal Studies. With the help of these devices, appraisal patterns are identified in the text and text annotations have been done manually. In the end, the study concludes that Pakistani journalistic culture is more prone to Judgement in all selected broadsheets: both in inscription and invocations. Affect is slightly higher in range than of Appreciation. It is noticed that the manifestation of affectual evaluation gives an enhancing effect to news relevance, and high occurring of sanctioned judgmental values, opposite to other journalistic cultures (Thomas & White, 2008), gives an impact of cultural salience with a society where action constraints are more active.